Problem Statement. Fabrics used to filter and prevent pathogens and other particles from reaching a respiratory tract of a user are increasing in importance, provided the prevalence of airborne viruses and bacteria. For example, surgical masks provide a fabric barrier between a user and an exterior environment, such that at least a portion of contaminants surrounding the user do not penetrate through the masks. In addition, respirators exist that filter particles or purify air surrounding the respirators. However, such respirators are typically complex to manufacture and expensive due to the intricate component parts used therein. For example, devices exist that impart a charge on particles, including linen fibers. However, such devices typically require the use of ultraviolet lights or irradiation devices to impart the charge on the mesh, increasing the complexity of the devices and the associated costs.
Description. FAMU scientists invented a solution to the problem with a pathogen eradication fabric innovation. Specifically, the innovation relates to active force electric field anti-pathogenic fabrics that impart a charge on surrounding particles, including pathogens, to remove the pathogens from the surrounding area.